+27 (0) 82 410 5859 admin@smasa.cc



Going through Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) but don’t know much about it? We enlighten you by answering some frequently asked questions (FAQs) this women’s month!

1.    What is PMS?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a group of symptoms that is linked to the menstrual cycle. The symptoms usually occur one to two weeks before menstruation starts. It can affect menstruating women of any age, with symptoms differing from one to another.

2.    What are the common PMS symptoms?

Emotional symptoms include the following:

  • Depression
  • Angry outbursts
  • Irritability
  • Crying spells
  • Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Social withdrawal
  • Poor concentration
  • Insomnia
  • Increased nap taking
  • Changes in sexual desire


Physical symptoms include the following:

  • Thirst and appetite changes (food cravings)
  • Breast tenderness
  • Bloating and weight gain
  • Headache
  • Swelling of the hands or feet
  • Aches and pains
  • Fatigue
  • Skin problems
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms


3.    What is the treatment for PMS?

Below are some steps you can take that may help ease your symptoms.


  • Exercise weekly:
    • Two hours moderate-intensity physical activity
    • Or, one hour of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity
    • Or, muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days
    • Eat healthier
    • Avoid salt, sugary foods, caffeine, and alcohol, especially when you’re experiencing PMS symptoms
    • Get enough sleep – about eight hours each night



Over the counter (OTC) medicines that may help ease pain include:

  • Ibuprofen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Naproxen
  • Aspirin
  • Panado